Month: September 2013

Wild Animal Extinct

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Most of the species of wild animals have now become almost extinct from five districts of greater Mymensingh region. Absence of the implementation of laws for safe-guarding the animals, indiscrimination killing of animals, careless use of pesticides, felling of trees, burning down and clearing of  bushes and hedges and drying up of aquatic habitat are the main reasons behind the depletion of the wild animals.

There are hilly forests best known as ‘Garo Forests’ mainly in Mymensingh, Jamalpur, Sherpur and Netrokona district.

There were also numerous small jungles and vast wetland in Mymensingh region. Each of the said geographical factors has contributed to the sustenance of different kinds of wild life both big and small in the region.

Many kind of animals including leopard, wild buffalo, cow, hog, cock, peacock, spotted deer, jackals, goat and wild cat; mongoose,  red mouth monkey, black mouth baboon, porcupine, squirrel, hare, pangolin and bobcat etc were seen in Mymensingh and Madhupur Forests in the past. Even only three to four decades ago, many of the wild animals were available in the forests and jungles, said Divisional Forest official sources.

Besides, a large number of birds including hawk, kite, vulture, mynah, nightingale, swallow, owl, pigeon, dove, skylark, sparrow, woodpecker, parakeet, different varieties of martin, dove and king fisher were available in the forests.

There were also different varsities of reptiles and snakes including python and poisonous cobra, different varieties of frogs, numerous varieties of environment friendly worms including earthworm, ant and white ant, different kinds of butterfly in forests of Mymensingh region.

Forest in greater  Mymensingh region are shrinking fast due to indiscriminate cutting of trees, encroachment of forestlands, use of forest land for rubber gardening and raising fruit orchards, officials said

The number of these wild animals has greatly reduced in the forests following food crisis due to unusual decrease of trees and plants in Madhupur and Bhaluka Sal Forests.

Contacted, Md. Moyeen Uddin Khan, Deputy Conservator of Forest in Mymensingh said that there are about 71,000 acres of government reserved forest in greater Mymensingh. Out of the total land, 29,000 acres of forest land have been grabbed forcibly and the occupied land is being used for banana and pineapple cultivation, said the official.

For preservation of wild animals, the government has taken initiatives including to make fruit orchards, plantation of medicinal plants needed for wild animals. The local people should be made aware about the importance of wild animals needed for a balanced environment, the official added.

Categories: Category, Mymensingh, News, Wildlife

Sundarban

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Sundarban, proudly call by Bangladeshi people as home of tigers. It’s situated at South-Western delta of country. Sundarban has a huge collection of wild beings, gipsy fishermen; honey-collectors, risky and a mesmerising mingle of rivers and the Bay of Bengal. This forest is largest mangrove forest in the world. The meaning of Sundarban in literally refers to “beautiful forestwhich comes from one kind of trees in the forest named ‘Sundari’ that are found in the Sundarbans in huge numbers.

This forest is the largest littoral mangrove belt in the world which widen 80 km into the Bangladeshi hinterland from the coastal area. The forests aren’t just mangrove swamps though; they include some of the last remaining stands of the mighty jungles which once covered the Gangetic plain.

Sundarban covers 6,000 square kilometers of Bangladeshi land bounded within three districts named Bagerhat, Khulna and Sathkira in the North part of Bay of Bengal and in the South; Baleswar (or Haringhata) river, Perojpur, Barisal district in the East, and Raimangal and Hariabhanga in the West, sharing boundaries with the West Bengal (India). Sundarban lies in the vast delta on the Bay of Bengal formed by the super union of the Padma, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers. UNESCO declared it world heritage site in the year 1997.

Famous Spots: To seeing tiger, deer, monkey, crocodiles, birds and the natural beauty of the forest, Hiron Point and Katka point are the best spots. Tin Kona Island and Dublar Chor is also a good place for seeing tiger and deer in Sundarban.

How to go: Although water transports is the best for these area but tourist can go there by bus or, air. Tourist can starts their journey from capital’s Gabtoli bus terminal. Bus departures from Dhaka every 15 minutes after and will reached at Khulna. Another route is air which fly from Dhaka to Jessore. Tourists can go from Jessore to Khulna by bus. If tourists can go to there by water way, he/she need to go capital’s Sadarghat to starts journey with ship. Both day and night-long coach services by road are available in every route.

To visit Sundarban, permission must be taken through written application from the divisional Forest Office and pay required entrance fees for visitors. Tourist also pay for vessel or boat at the appropriate forest station or range office. Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation (Government tour Service) and other tour operating agencies has guided package tour package from Dhaka to Sundarbans.

Reference: http://archive.thedailystar.net/magazine/2011/03/02/travel.htm

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Environment Friendly Light-trap Technology to Help Farmers

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Light-trap, an environment-friendly method to detect harmful insects is helping hundreds of farmers in different areas of the district during this ongoing aman season. The farmers are getting benefits from this technology and they are very enthusiastic to use it, said Department of Agriculture Extension (DAE) officials here.

The  DAE sources said, they have taken the  programme throughout the district with a view to detecting the harmful insects in the aman fields and  to use the insecticides accordingly to save the crops. The very low-cost  technology is also helpful for the ecological balance, said the officials.

In many cases, the farmers use insecticides indiscriminately without knowing about the proper insecticides to kill the harmful insects and  the farmers have to cost more money, said the officials adding “indiscriminate use of pesticides also kill the useful insects, endangering the environment”.

Around 2625 light-traps have already been set up at 525 blocks in 12 upazilas of the district.

Narayan Chandra Basak, Deputy Director of DAE told this correspondent that light- trap programme has been implementing in the district for last few years to help the farmers to manage pest effectively with low-cost. This year we gave more emphasis on the programme, he said.

During September and October, the farmers face serious pest attack every year and they have to cost more money using pesticides indiscriminately for pest control, said the deputy director. He also said, the farmers go for indiscriminate use of pesticides as  they do not know what pesticides actually they need.

Over 2,58,955 hectares of land  were brought  under aman cultivation in the district this year. This technology has reduced use of indiscriminate pesticides to nearly 50 percent as farmers’ response to this technology, said the deputy director.

The farmers are also learning about the harmful and useful insects through this  technology and such identification is much needed for maintaining ecological balance, added the official.

I visited the method at the field level and it has got very positive response from the farmers’ side, said the official.

The technology is easy to handle, so the farmers can carry it from one field to another round the season according to their need, sources said.

The DAE sources said, they set up the light-traps at night using traditional lights, charger light or electric bulbs and  a pot with detergent or kerosene mixed clear water  and the pot is  put under the lights to draw the insects. The insects fall into the water  kept in the pot and thus the existence of harmful and beneficial insects in the field is identified, said sources.

Sources also informed that if existence  of harmful insects is found, agricultural experts render necessary advices to the farmers.

Contacted, Mahbubul Alam, Muktagacha Upazila Agriculture officer said, no harmful insects have  been detected in the upazila so far. He observed that light- trap technology is saving the aman filed from harmful insects and helping the farmers to learn about an environment friendly technology as well.

He also said , this programme  has been implementing  in  45 blocks in 10 unions of the upazila. This technology would take positive impact in the field of agriculture benefiting farmers, hoped the official.

Hazrat Ali, a farmer of village Kandinau of Kumargata union in Muktagacha said, he was acquainted with the technology for the first time this year and he attained  knowledge for operating the technology to detect harmful insects.

This technology  will encourage the farmers and it will boost aman production, hoped Hazrat Ali. The light-trap  method has inspired hundreds of farmers of the district in last couple of years and many farmers have been successfully using the nature friendly technology to detect the harmful and beneficial insects, needed to reap a good harvest, said Mohammad Abdul Hannan, Sadar Upazila Agriculture Officer.